Hayes, Margaret Hughes Frailey

Margaret Hughes Frailey
Year Inducted: 
Margaret Hayes
  • First chair of the U.S. Extended Continental Shelf Task Force
  • Former director of the Office of Oceans Affairs within the U.S. State Department
  • Assistant General Counsel for Fisheries from 1988 to 2001
  • Recipient of the Women’s Aquatic Network’s Achievement Award in 1995

Margaret Frailey Hayes was the Director of the Office of Oceans Affairs in the Oceans, Environment and Science Bureau of the United States Department of State. Her responsibilities encompassed a wide array of maritime-related topics, from navigation, marine pollution, and maritime security to the conservation and management of living resources; from Antarctic and Arctic affiars to marine science; from underwater cultural heritage to regional seas programs. Her focus in later years of her career were U.S. accession to the United Nations Law of the Sea Convention, which underpins virtually all of the oceans and fisheries related work of the OES Bureau. She is also chair of an interagency Task Force to delimit the U.S. Extended Continental Shelf (beyond 200nm).

Before coming to the State Department in 2001, Ms. Hayes served for almost 25 years in the General Counsel's Office of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. As the Assistant General Counsel for Fisheries from 1988 to 2001, she supervised a large office that provided legal advice and litigation support to the National Marine Fisheries Service. During that time, she served on U.S. delegations for negotiations of the UN Fish Stocks Agreement and the FAO Compliance Agreement, and several multilateral fisheries agreements. Before that, she was the Assistant General Counsel for Enforcement, overseeing the prosecution of administrative cases involving violations of marine resource statutes. In 1995, she received an Achievement Award from the Women's Aquatic Network.

During the early 1970s Ms. Hayes clerked at the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals in Chicago, as the Court's first motions clerk and as law clerk to the Honorable Robert A. Sprecher.

Ms. Hayes is a cum laude graduate of Northwestern University's School of Law and an honors graduate of the University of Kansas. She is married and has three children (an elementary school teacher, a chef, and a doctor).

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